With so many options for covering surfaces, selecting a product that’s beautiful, sustainable, and enhances a design scheme can be overwhelming. Innovations in tile production have poured into the market over the past years.

Not all tile is created equal. With so many options, it's important to be familiar with performance properties – or hire a designer who is. Selecting the right tile for a project keeps you from making expensive mistakes, lowers installation costs, and adds longevity to the finished product.
Interior vertical areas that are dry or get occasionally wet, “high absorption” tiles with a greater than 7% water absorption should be used. The tiles are fired at low temperatures, and provide a variety of textures and colors. Best applications are walls. 

Dry interior floor areas are best suited for tiles with “moderate absorption” – 3%-7% water absorption. The lower the percentage, the more traffic can be handled.

For exterior as well as interior applications, “low absorption” tiles with a .5%-3% water absorption can be used. Tiles can tolerate occasional water penetration, and are recommended for bathrooms.

Porcelain is terminology given to tiles with .5% water absorption or less, and can withstand heavy traffic and tolerates submersion in water. Suitable for interior and exterior flooring that gets foot or vehicular traffic. It’s excellent for use in bathrooms and outdoor terraces.

Selecting the right tile for your project is essential for sustainable beauty and function. 

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Data source: Tile of Spain   

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